Pneumonia is a lung infection localized to the tissues of the lung, sometimes all through the lung and other times in one region of the lung or another. This infection can be caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungal agents.
The cause can be from epidemic exposure especially during certain times of the year when outbreaks of influenza or respiratory syncytial virus are common. Other times, the patients’ overall condition increases the likelihood of pulmonary infection. Walking pneumonia is often seen in the spring, and it is often contagious throughout a population. Covering your cough, avoiding ill individuals, and receiving your influenza shot are great ways to avoid contracting or spreading a pulmonary infection.
Chest X-ray, sputum analysis, blood work, and CT scans of the chest are all ways to diagnosis the presence of pneumonia and to devise treatment.
Medication is the first choice of treatment; the type of medication depends on the type of infection. In addition, chest physiotherapy and breathing treatments may be added to improve patient comfort and alleviate symptoms.