One of the most common skin cancers that can cause disfigurement through local aggressive invasion is basal cell skin cancer. This cancer runs in families with fair-skinned individuals. It can be superficial or invasive in nature. Topical chemotherapy can be used to treat the non-invasive form. Basal cell skin cancer usually presents as a shiny, pearly skin nodule. Sometimes it looks like a red patch like eczema. Skin thickening and scar tissue can occur at the site of the cancer. The cancer is diagnosed with a skin biopsy under local anesthesia. Excision, chemotherapy, radiation, immunotherapy, and special medications can all be used to treat this condition. See your dermatologist if you think you have any signs of this illness.
Unusual skin growths with dark areas, irregular margins, and thickening of the skin should be evaluated by a dermatologist and considered for a biopsy to look at the cell structure of the skin to be sure it is not pre-cancerous or cancerous in nature. The biopsy of a suspected area of unusual skin can lead to early diagnosis and treatment. Melanoma and basal cell carcinoma are the most serious types of skin cancer. Your doctor can treat these cancers with surgical excision, immunotherapy, vaccine treatments, and special immunotherapy drugs. Sometimes radiation is used to treat the area of affected skin to help eliminate the cancer.