The pancreas can be affected by a number of diseases including:
Diagnosis of pancreatic diseases depends on what condition the healthcare provider is looking for. It often includes a medical history, physical exam and blood tests. Visualizing the pancreas is an important step in diagnosis and can be done with CT scan, MRI or ultrasound. The ducts of the pancreas can be evaluated using procedures called endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). Both procedures allow visualization of the pancreas, its ducts and surrounding structures.
Treatment depends on the condition and can range from nutritional support and pain control for acute pancreatitis to surgery for pancreatic cancer.