One of the most common skin cancers, basal cell carcinoma, can cause disfigurement through local aggressive invasion. This cancer runs in families with fair-skinned individuals. It can be superficial or invasive. Topical chemotherapy can be used to treat the non-invasive form. Basal cell carcinoma usually presents as a shiny, pearly skin nodule. Sometimes it's a red patch, like eczema. Skin thickening and scar tissue can occur at the site of the cancer. The cancer is diagnosed with a skin biopsy under local anesthesia. Excision, chemotherapy, radiation, immunotherapy, and special medications can all be used to treat basal cell carcinoma. See your dermatologist if you think you have any signs of this illness.
Unusual skin growths with dark areas, irregular margins, and thickening of the skin should be evaluated by a dermatologist. A biopsy may be performed to look at the cell structure of the skin to be sure it is not precancerous or cancerous. The biopsy of a suspected area of unusual skin can lead to early diagnosis and treatment. Melanoma and basal cell carcinoma are the most serious types of skin cancer. Your doctor can treat these cancers with surgery, immunotherapy, vaccine treatments, and special immunotherapy drugs. Sometimes radiation is used to treat the area of affected skin to help eliminate the cancer.