Bacteria or viruses can invade the lining of your lungs and make you ill. Fever, chest tightness, increased phlegm or mucous production, and chest pain are all signs of lung infection. Cough and shortness of breath are also symptoms of this disease.
A wide variety of bacteria, viruses, and other organisms can cause serious chest infections. Specialized blood work as well as stains of your sputum can help your doctor diagnose the type of ailment that has affected your lungs.
Chest X-ray, sputum culture, and blood work are all used together to identify the type of lung infection that a patient has contracted. Sometimes CT scans of the chest are needed to see if fluid has built up around the heart or lungs during an infection.
Antibiotics, antiviral agents, or other agents can be used to fight infection after the type of infection has been identified. Medication may be given orally or through an IV. Further therapies including chest treatments may also be required to improve resolution of the illness.