Your prostate is located just behind your bladder surrounding the urethra. Its main purpose is to carry urine and semen out of the body. When malignant cells in the prostate gland begin to grow uncontrollably, it is considered prostate cancer. It is typically a slow-growing cancer and difficult to detect because it has very few symptoms.
There are two methods of screening for prostate cancer. The US Preventative Services Task Force, the American Urological Association and the American Cancer Society all have different recommendations for screening and testing. This is why it is important to discuss prostate cancer with your doctor and inform them of your medical history. Using this information, they will be able to recommend what is best for your health.
Treatment varies based on the stage your prostate cancer has reached. Your physician could choose one treatment option or a combination. Options include surgery, chemotherapy, cryotherapy, hormone therapy and/or radiation.