Sometimes your doctor may choose a Sigmoidoscopy, as opposed to a colonoscopy, depending on your situation or symptoms. When your doctor chooses to use a sigmoidoscope, a different view or study is needed of your colon that is often more specific and tailored to your individual medical needs. This procedure will allow them to inspect the area of the colon nearest the rectum, otherwise referred to as your sigmoid colon, for any abnormalities or any signs of cancer.
To achieve accurate results, you will need to cleanse and empty your colon with several enemas before the procedure. You can take your regular medications unless otherwise directed by your physician, but will need to refrain from oral intake until after the procedure.
Please come to the Endoscopy Center 15 minutes before your scheduled appointment. You will be shown to a private area where you will be asked to change into a gown. Generally, no sedation is required. While lying on your side with your knees bent to your chest, the doctor passes the scope through your rectum to explore your colon. Some mild cramping may occur during the procedure that may be relieved by taking slow deep breaths. The procedure lasts 15-20 minutes.
You may resume all activity and a normal diet as tolerated. Some gas or cramping may occur. Your doctor will discuss the results of the study with you and may make further recommendations about your health care. Please call your doctor immediately if you experience fever, chills or severe abdominal pain.