Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)

Atopic Dermatitis is the inflammation of the skin results in crusting, itching, and skin irritation and sometimes infection. While Atopic Dermatitis is most commonly found in children, about 1% to 3% of all adults also have the condition. In most cases, however, Atopic Dermatitis usually comes and goes by a child's fifth birthday. Clear drainage may ooze from the skin and it may be rough and inflamed.

Diagnosis

To diagnose atopic dermatitis, a dermatologist begins by looking at the child’s skin. The dermatologist will look for a rash and ask questions about the child diet, family history and other items that can cause reactions. It is important for the dermatologist to know whether the child has itchy skin. The dermatologist also needs to know whether blood relatives have had Atopic Dermitis, asthma, or hay fever.

Sometimes a dermatologist will perform a patch test. This medical test is used to find allergies. It involves placing tiny amounts of allergens (substances that cause allergies for some people) on the child’s skin. The dermatologist will check the skin for reactions. Checks are often done after a few hours, 24 hours, and 72 hours. Studies suggest that some allergens can make AD worse.

Common Treatment Options

Treatment includes medications to diminish itching and inflammation as well as specialized types of moisturizers to use on your dry and inflamed skin. In many cases, the occurrence Atopic Dermatitis passes after a child's fifth birthday, and in many cases, the rash passes after a shorter period of time.