Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

There are standard levels of blood pressure measurements for all age groups. Blood pressure is the term for the two measurements obtained by the blood pressure cuff. The first measurement indicates the systolic pressure or the pressure of the blood entering the vessel. The second measure is the diastolic pressure, or the pressure in a relaxed blood vessel. You have an increased risk for hypertension if you smoke, are overweight, or eat an unhealthy diet. Lack of activity is also a risk factor for stroke. Daily activity for 30 minutes of moderate intensity, coupled with a grain based, diet is the best way to prevent high blood pressure. 

Causes

The following items are all noted contributing factors of hypertension and may contribute to increased risk of stroke:

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Heart disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Personal and family history

Diagnosis and Treatment

Both the diastolic and systolic numbers need to be in the optimal range to protect your blood vessels and the pumping chamber of your heart. Your Physicians East provider at any of our Primary Care locations can analyze your reported blood pressure and make recommendations about lifestyle and treatment to help your situation.

Medications, such as beta blockers, can be used to treat hypertension. Diet, including decreased fat intake, and weight reduction, are both helpful to decrease elevated blood pressure. Regular daily activity of at least 30 minutes three times a week is very effective to improve your heart health. A daily walk at a moderate pace is an ideal way to achieve this activity goal.