Heart Attack

Intense chest pain, sweating, and a sudden or increasing nausea, can signify the presence of blockage in your cardiac vessels, the ones that supply energy to the muscles of your heart. Immediate response to chest pain is essential. More information can be found here.

Causes

The direct cause of a heart attack is lack of blood flow through the coronary arteries that nourish the heart muscle. Coronary arterial disease is caused by fat infiltrated calcified plaques that attract clots and occlude small blood vessels. Hypertension, increased cholesterol, obesity, smoking, diabetes, and a sedentary lifestyle all contribute to the amount of plaque in an individual's coronary blood vessels.  

Diagnosis and Treatment

After you have arrived at the hospital, your cardiologist can perform specific studies to analyze the function of your cardiac blood vessels and provide immediate therapy. Blood tests, cardiac imaging, and arteriography are all used to identify your heart disease and its extent.  

Obesity, hypertension and diabetes all contribute to the possibility of cardiac disease. Acute treatment includes aspirin therapy, beta blockers to decrease the work of the heart, and vasodilators, as well as medication for pain control and relaxation.  

 

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